Sri Rama Avatara
Rama or Ramachandra is the Seventh avatara of Vishnu in Hinduism and a legendary king of Ayodhya in ancient India. He is an actual king who ruled over India from his capital Ayodhya. He is a descendant of Surya vamsam(Ikshvaaku Dynasty). He is regarded as Raghu kula tilaka (Surya vamsam’s supremo).
Tthe Ramayana, one of the two great epics of India describes the prominence of this greatest Man of the universe. Born as the eldest son of Kausalya and Dasharatha, king of Ayodhya. Rama is referred to within Hinduism as Purushottama, literally the Perfect Man or Lord of Self-Control or Lord of Virtue. Rama is the husband of Sita devi, whom Hindus consider to be an avatar of Lakshmi and the embodiment of perfect womanhood.
History of Rama :
Rama was born in Surya Vamsam (Ikshvaku dynasty) to Dasaradha’s first wife, Kausalya devi. Dasaradha had 3 wives who had 4 sons, Kausalya (Rama), Sumitra (Lakshmana, Satrughna) , Kaikeyi (Bharatha) . Rama, being the elder son, was given the highest previlege. He was glib in nature. Maharshi Vasishtha was their family’s Guru. Rama learnt all the vedas, gained knowledge and other skills and arts from him.
Rama was Maharshi Viswamithra’s favourite student too. This sage once takes Rama and his brother to save a Yagnya (Sacred Ritual) from demons who were disturbing that holy ritual. It is during that time, Rama’s foot accidentally touches a stone. It turns into a woman named “Ahalya”. She was cursed by some saint and her curse was now lifted away by the touch of Sri Rama’s foot.
Rama slays the demon Thaataki. It is said that Rama builds a barrior with his arrows above the place where yagnya was performed so that no demon could enter it.
After the yagnya, the sage takes Rama to a SwayamVaram, a groom choosing ceremony usuallly conducted at bride’s kingdom. It was “Sita”, daughter of Janaka Maharaja.
The villain of Rama’s story, Ravana also attends this ceremony to win the bride. The test is to hook the Sacred bow, of Lord siva granted to Janaka Maharaja, up and break . Every king who attended the ceremony tries and falls back. Ravana, the famous one among them also couldnt do it. But Rama breaks the bow (Siva Dhanurbhangam) with ease and wins the Bride. His marriage with sita is like a celestial marriage.
It is during this marriage, Parasuram appears because he gets disturbed by the sound of breaking of the Sacred Bow. After this marriage, there arises a problem with the next emperror for the kingdom. Since Rama was the eldest and eligiblle to rule, he was the chosen one. But Kaikeyi with the jealousy built by her assistant, Manthara, opposes this and wants her son Bharatha to be the ruler and Rama to flee away to the forest and live an ascetic life for 14 years. She asks her husband Dasaradha to grant her wishes. Dasaradha had to grant her 3 wishes earlier. So, with a heart break he grants her.
Rama moves to the Forest with his wife. Lakshmana, rama’s younger brother, also follows him to the forest. One sad day, Ravana plans and kidnaps sita by creating a diversion for Rama and Lakshamana in the form of an attractive golden deer which was indeed a demon named Maaricha.
Rama loses sita and goes in search of her. He meets the Hanuman, his beloved lifetime devotee. He rescues Sugreeva,the king of Monkeys from his cruel brother Vaali. In response, he gains Sugreeva’s army as a help to fight against Ravana and bring Sita Devi back.
Meanwhile, Ravana who captured Sita, puts her under captivity of demons. He wants her to marry him. He gives her certain time to give her consent.
Rama finds out the Ravana’s residence at Lanka, Current day’s Sri Lanka Country. He builds a passage from Rameswaram to Sri Lanka. This is Rama Sethu, which is present till date. NASA’s satellite images show a distinct path from India to Sri Lanka under water. It is submerged into the ocean now. There is a signigicance for this bridge. It was laid on water with no support under water. It floated on water when the army wrote name of Lord Rama on each on of them and threw into the water.
Rama fights the Ravana and wins the battle. He also gains Sita. But Rama asks Sita to get Purified because she stayed under the residence of an another man for such a long time. Rama asks this not with a suspicion on sita but because one of his people said so. He was such a great ruler. So, sita offers herself to Agni (Fire). Agni is treated as the purest form on the Earth. But Agni deva returns Sita proclaiming that Sita is purer than himself.
Thus Rama and Sita live again and rule the kingdom which was restored to him. But one day, Rama sends her to Forest again on the rise of suspicion among his country men. She was pregnant then. She was taken in by Maharshi Valmiki. She had two kids at his ashram, Lava and Kusa. Rama meets them at their younger age again and makes them the Princes for the Kingdom. After his work was finished on Earth, Rama ends his Avatara and Sita too.
This is a brief history of Rama’s Life. Maharshi Valmiki was the first person ever to write a book of Rama’s Life. It is called Ramayana which is one of the sacred books of Hindu Relegion. There are many versions written by Tulsidas, Molla, etc of which Valmiki’s is considered to be the Main because Valmiki lived in the period of Rama.
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